In it's heyday the Studebaker Corporation maintained four plants in South Bend. Plants One and Two covered 125 acres. Plants Three and Plant Four were the Aviation Plants, and located on the southside of the city on Chippewa Avenue. To move material in and finished vehicles out required a good sized railroad.
Great color shot of Studebaker Corporation Locomotive #3. Taken September 15, 1952 at the entrance to the plant just east of Kendall Street (pictured furthur down on page). by Fred J. Austin. Picture courtsey of Sandy Goodrick.
This pictures is of the the railyard on the south side of the plant. You are looking towards the north and Building 86 is in the background.
These tracks once entered Building 85, the Foundry. Just another part of the railway system inside the plant.
Motive power of Studebaker. Left: Steam engine #2, an Alco 0-6-0. Date of the photo is unknown. It appears as if this engine is sitting in the yard at the south end of the plant. Right: Steam Engine #3, also an Alco 0-6-0. Date of photo unknown. This engine could be moving material to where it is needed.
C&SB Saddle Tank switcher and cut of cars, circa 1918. That is Building 84 in the background. This pictures was taken before Plant 2, south of Sample Street was built.
C&SB Saddle Tank switcher and flatcars loaded with Studebaker horse drawn Ambulances. Exact date of photo unknown. The train is sitting north of Building 84 along the Grand Trunk mainline.
Left: Studebaker Corporation #1 in the steel receiving yard at Plant 2 during the 1920s. Looking toward the south with Building 80 in the background. The engine is an 0-6-0. Right: Studebaker Corporation #1 transfers completed body assemblies in two Pennsylvania Railroad auto body cars from Building 84 south to Plant 2. This photo shows Building 92 in the background and Building 58 on the far left. This move has just crossed Sample Street and will make a loop around Plant 2 to the south to deliver the bodies into Building 78. They will then be brought by overhead coveyor into Building 79 to be mated with a chassis. Circa 1930. Thanks to Andy Laurent and the Studebaker National Museum.
Studebaker Locomotive #2, October 23, 1947. In this picture it appears this locomotive is bringing auto bodies into the plant. Exact location unknown, but it looks like Kendall Street. Jay Williams photo, Big Four Graphics.
Left: Diesel switcher #2, date unknown. This locomotive appears to be bringing coal into the plant with the eventual destination, most likely, the Power Plant. Right: Ex-Studebaker #3. This locomotive was built for the Studebaker Corporation, then Bendix acquired the unit. Today it is owned by Relco. Photo taken 6-08-2003 at Rockwood, Tennessee. Jonathan Guy photo.
Studebaker #3 in the yards on the south side of the plant. This is the same locomotive featured in color at the top of the page. I have had many people ask why Studebaker never used EMD switchers on their property. It is a simple answer, would you use a General Motors product on your automobile plant's railroad? (That is just my opinion and not an official company one. Not that it matters these days.)
Another picture of the railyard on the south end of the plant. Also south ends of Buildings 82, 83, 79 and Building 80. It is hard to imagine just how busy this railyard once was because in 2003 it lies silent and still.
This picture was taken looking east from Kendall Street. It is the where the New Jersey, Indiana and Illinois entered the plant, bringing material and supplies and removing finished products.
This Wabash boxcar was once assigned to the New Jersey, Indiana and Illinois. For many years this car moved parts in, out and around the Studebaker Plants. Photo courtsey of Bob Albert and The Hoosier Valley Railroad Musuem , North Judson, Indiana, where the car has been restored and is on display.
Aerial photo of Studebaker Plants 1 and 2, taken in 1950. If you look close, you can see both diesel locomotive switching in the yard south, towards the bottom of the photo. Studebaker National Museum photo, courtsey Andy Laurent. Used by permission.
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